to the President via Commerce/USTR no later than April 29, and
are expected to identify violations/abuses related to trade and
investment agreements.; and, section 4 addresses remedies for
trade violations/abuses by calling upon Commerce and USTR to
take“every appropriate and lawful action to address violations of
trade law, abuses of trade law, or instances of unfair treatment.”
Executive Order EO 13796 should theoretically be among the
highest of the high priorities set by Commerce Secretary Wilbur
Ross and USTR Ambassador Robert Lighthizer, but, Section 5 of
the EO states that it“shall be implemented consistent with appli-
cable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.”
The other Executive Order signed on April 29, EO 19797,
establishes a new Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy
(OTMP) consisting of a director, to be selected by the President,
and such staff as deemed necessary by the Assistant to the Presi-
dent and Chief of Staff. OTMP’s mission is“to defend and serve
American workers and domestic manufacturers while advising
the President on policies to increase economic growth, decrease
the trade deficit, and strengthen the U.S. manufacturing and
defense industrial bases.”
Specific OTMP responsibilities include advising the President,
serving as liaison between the White House and the Department
of Commerce and undertaking trade-related “special projects”
as requested by the President; and helping to improve the
performance of executive branch’s policies regarding domestic
procurement and hiring policies.
As with EO 13796, creation of the OTMP“shall be implemented
consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of
appropriations.” With all the tumult in Washington, DC, these
days—and with significant staffing shortages still being reported throughout government—it will be interesting to see
how both of these efforts play out. For members of the U.S.
nonwovens industry, the big news here is that there are new
avenues potentially on the horizon for voicing concerns about
unfair foreign trade practices and helping to develop policies
that increase U.S. production.n
*ASTM D6400 (2010), WSP 513.1, WSP 514.1.
**Hoekstra, A. Y. and A.K. Chapagain. 2007. Water footprints of nations: water use by people as a function
of their consumption pattern. Water Resources Management 21(1): 35-48.
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